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Free VC Directory

With any B-Plan Purchase
425 Page Capital Directory
Through Oct. 31


Business Plan Writer
$425 Flat Rate
No Templates Used
7 Day Turnaround

All Purchased Plans
Are Updated for 2017

Business Startup Guides
Checkout our new sister site!

Free Food Truck Business Plan
For Raising Capital from Investors, Banks, or Grant Companies!

Please note that the financials in this complete free business plan are completely fictitious and may not match the text of the business plan below. This free business plan demonstration purposes only. If you are interested in purchasing the completed editable MS Word and Excel documents for this business plan, please click the button below! Also, the text of the business plan is formatted with a fully automated table of contents.



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It should be noted that there is no special software required to use these templates. All business plans come in Microsoft Word and Microsoft Excel format. Each business plan features:

  • Excecutive Summary
  • Company and Financing Summary
  • Products and Services Overview
  • Strategic Analysis with current research!
  • Marketing Plan
  • Personnel Plan
  • 3 Year Advanced Financial Plan
  • Expanded Financial Plan with Monthly Financials
  • FREE 30 Page Sample Private Placement Memorandum
  • FREE PowerPoint Presentation for Banks, Investors, or Grant Companies!

1.0 Executive Summary

The purpose of this business plan is to raise $50,000 for the development of a food truck while showcasing the expected financials and operations over the next three years. The Food Truck, Inc. (“the Company”) is a New York based corporation that will provide mobile sales of food to customers in its targeted market. The Company was founded by John Doe.

1.1 Products and Services

The primary revenue center for the business will come from the sale and distribution of food served from the Company’s food truck that will operate throughout the New York metropolitan area. The business will specialize in serving general food including: • Hamburgers • Hot Dogs • Fries • Beverage • Ethnic Specialties The third section of the business plan will further describe the services offered by the Food Truck.

1.2 The Financing

Mr. Doe is seeking to raise $50,000 from as a bank loan. The interest rate and loan agreement are to be further discussed during negotiation. This business plan assumes that the business will receive a 10 year loan with a 9% fixed interest rate. The financing will be used for the following: • Development of the Company’s Food Truck • Financing for the first six months of operation. • Capital to purchase a company vehicle. Mr. Doe will contribute $10,000 to the venture.

1.3 Mission Statement

Management’s mission is to provide the New York metropolitan area (and other areas where the Company expands) with quality food served on a mobile basis.

1.4 Mangement Team

The Company was founded by John Doe. Mr. Doe has more than 10 years of experience in the food and beverage industry. Through his expertise, he will be able to bring the operations of the business to profitability within its first year of operations.

1.5 Sales Forecasts

Mr. Doe expects a strong rate of growth at the start of operations. Below are the expected financials over the next three years.

1.6 Expansion Plan

As time progresses, the Company will continually expand its presence throughout New York City by attending music concerts, trade shows, sporting events, and other venues that feature a large number of people. Additionally, over time, the business will generate a strong repeat customer base from the continual servicing of the routes planned by Management. In the fourth year of operation, Mr. Doe intends to acquire a second truck that will operate within selected sections of New York. It should also be noted, after the fifth year of operation, Management may acquire several additional mobile food service truck in order to greatly expand the revenues of the business.

2.0 Company and Financing Summary

2.1 Registered Name and Corporate Structure

Food Truck, Inc. The Company is registered as a corporation in the State of New York.

2.2 Required Funds

At this time, the Food Truck requires $50,000 of debt funds. Below is a breakdown of how these funds will be used:

2.3 Investor Equity

Mr. Doe is not seeking an investment from a third party at this time.

2.4 Management Equity

John Doe owns 100% of the Food Truck, Inc.

2.5 Exit Strategy

If the business is very successful, Mr. Doe may seek to sell the business to a third party for a significant earnings multiple. Most likely, the Company will hire a qualified business broker to sell the business on behalf of the Food Truck. Based on historical numbers, the business could fetch a sales premium of up to 4 times earnings.

3.0 Products and Services

As stated in the executive summary, the primary focus of the Company’s operations will be to provide freshly cooked food and beverages to the general public of the New York metropolitan area. The business will operate solely in a mobile capacity through its food truck. In the fourth year of operations, the Company intends to acquire a second truck that will operate through selected sections of New York City. The business also intends to do a significant amount of sales via catering, delivery of pastries, and by having the truck positioned near popular events (such as concerts and sporting events) during the weekends. Approximately 1/3 of all food and beverage sale revenues will come from this aspect of Food Truck, Inc.’s operations. During days of inclement weather, the Company intends to provide delivery services of food and beverages to third party restaurants, cafes, and other food serving venues so that the business can not only generate additional revenues but also reduce inventory spoilage.

 

 

 

 

4.0 Strategic and Market Analysis

4.1 Economic Outlook

This section of the analysis will detail the economic climate, the Food Truck industry, the customer profile, and the competition that the business will face as it progresses through its business operations. Currently, the economic market condition in the United States is in a recession recovery. This slowdown in the economy has also greatly impacted real estate sales, which has halted to historical lows. Many economists expect that a double dip recession may occur after which, the economy will begin a prolonged recovery period. However, Food Truck, Inc. will be able to remain profitable and cash flow positive as the business produces very strong gross margins from the sale of its fare. Additionally, the business is mobile, and can be readily moved to areas where substantial sales can be made. A primary concern for the Company is its ability to price its services affordably during times of economic recession or spikes of oil prices. This volatility in oil prices has caused the general public’s discretionary income to decrease significantly over the last three months.

4.2 Industry Analysis

The coffee and non-alcoholic retail industry (including mobile food service businesses) has experienced a healthy level of growth over the past decade. The U.S. Economic Census estimates that there are over 190,000 individual cafes, mobile food service businesses, and specialty food restaurants in the United States. This number is expected to increase at a rate of 5% per annum. While the growth rate of the number of establishments has increased 5% per year, the revenues generated per establishment have increased at a rate of 10% per year. As the country is currently in recession, the industries revenues are expected to remain flat until the economic recovery period begins.

4.3 Customer Profile

As the business intends to operate among several sections of New York, it is hard to categorize the “average” customer of Food Truck, Inc. Management expects a broad range of customers including employees within office buildings in New York City, tourists, and residents that simply want a quick meal as they go through their day.

4.4 Competitive Analysis

This is one of the sections of the business plan that you must write completely on your own. The key to writing a strong competitive analysis is that you do your research on the local competition. Find out who your competitors are by searching online directories and searching in your local Yellow Pages. If there are a number of competitors in the same industry (meaning that it is not feasible to describe each one) then showcase the number of businesses that compete with you, and why your business will provide customers with service/products that are of better quality or less expensive than your competition.

5.0 Marketing Plan

The Food Truck intends to maintain an extensive marketing campaign that will ensure maximum visibility for the business in its targeted market. Below is an overview of the marketing strategies and objectives of the Food Truck.

5.1 Marketing Objectives

  • • Establish a strong presence in the New York metropolitan area via prominent signage on the mobile food truck.

  • • Heavily advertise the Company’s large selection of food and beverages.

  • • Establish connections with local suppliers and vendors.

5.2 Marketing Strategies

The primary method of marketing to be used by the Company will be the highly visible signage affixed to the mobile truck. This signage will focus on the affordable nature of the Company’s wide selection of food and beverages. In regards to the catering aspect of the business, the Company intends to send packets of information to event planners throughout New York City that will call on the business for catering needs. As the business serves a broad variety of food and beverages, the mobile Food Truck will be able to effectively provide catering services for a broad spectrum of casual events. Additionally, the business will develop relationships with venue managers that will allow Food Truck, Inc. to place the truck outside of these locations so that sales can be made. These venues will include sports stadiums, concerts, and other large scale entertainment events. The business will also maintain a website that showcases the mobile food service truck, the Company’s menu, information about catering, and other relevant contact information. This website will be listed on major search engines such as Google, Yahoo, and MSN Live.

5.3 Pricing

In this section, describe the pricing of your services and products. You should provide as much information as possible about your pricing as possible in this section. However, if you have hundreds of items, condense your product list categorically. This section of the business plan should not span more than 1 page.

6.0 Organizational Plan and Personnel Summary

6.1 Corporate Organization

6.2 Organizational Budget



6.3 Management Biographies

In this section of the business plan, you should write a two to four paragraph biography about your work experience, your education, and your skill set. For each owner or key employee, you should provide a brief biography in this section.

7.0 Financial Plan

7.1 Underlying Assumptions

  • • The Food Truck will have an annual revenue growth rate of 16% per year.

  • • The Owner will acquire $50,000 of debt funds to develop the business.

  • • The loan will have a 10 year term with a 9% interest rate.

7.2 Sensitivity Analysis

The Company’s revenues are somewhat sensitive to the overall conditions of the economy. As the US is currently outgoing a recession, the Company may have a decrease in its top line revenues as people will demand fewer café beverages/food products from mobile food locations. However, the Company’s revenues provide high levels of operating income for the business, and Food Truck, Inc, would need to have a significant decrease in its top line income before the Company becomes unprofitable. Additionally, the business is not bound by location, and the Company can relocate at anytime to more populous areas to produce sales.

7.3 Source of Funds


7.4 General Assumptions

7.5 Profit and Loss Statements 

7.6 Cash Flow Analysis

 

7.7 Balance Sheet

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7.8 General Assumptions

7.9 Business Ratios

Expanded Profit and Loss Statements

Expanded Cash Flow Analysis

How to Start a Food Truck

Food trucks can be extremely profitable, low risk businesses. The low risk aspect of a food truck is that they are mobile, and they can move anywhere to where people are located in order to serve their food. Additionally, food trucks do not cost very much money to start. Usually, when you are starting a food truck - you can expect the startup expenses to range from $30,000 to $50,000 which includes all necessary equipment for a commissary kitchen. The actual truck itself is the most expensive part of startup. In rare instances, food trucks can cost as much as $100,000. However, this is mostly for individuals or companies that want to develop a much larger scale operation right off the bat. The barriers to entry for a new food truck business are considered very low. Over the past ten years, the number of food trucks in operation has exploded. There are now a number of television shows, large scale events, and festivals that focus on food trucks and their products. Every type of cuisine imagine is now sold from a food truck whereas they were once limited to traditional fare.

The first step when starting a food truck is to incorporate your business. As we have discussed many times throughout this document, you should have your attorney or CPA work with you to determine the type of corporate structure you should use. Generally speaking, most small businesses are incorporated as limited liability companies theses days. However, your CPA understands your entire financial picture - and an appropriate determination can be made only by this professional as it relates to the corporate entity that will be used to house your business. Either your attorney or your CPA can assist you with the documentation that you will need in order to complete the requisite filings.

Once you have selected a name and incorporated your business, now it is time to complete the filings you need in order to operate your food truck. This primarily consists of acquiring two licenses. First, you will need to acquire a peddlers' permit or a food and beverage license depending on your state and your city. Each states' and cities' laws are drastically different as to how they license food trucks. Given that these are mobile businesses, you can easily move from town to town and city to city. As such, for this aspect of your operations - you are definitely going to want to have an attorney assist you throughout this part of the process. The paperwork can be very confusing to people that do not have an understanding of government application forms. As such, you attorney (for a relatively low fee) can help you throughout this part of the process. Additionally, they can help you file the necessary paperwork in order to obtain your sales tax licensure. This allows you to legally collect sales taxes on behalf of the state in which you will be conducting business.

In terms of revenue growth, one of the ways that food trucks expand their operation is by simply acquiring a second truck. However, this can be fraught with issues given that you will need to hire trusted employees. Additionally, you will need to make a second substantial investment into your food truck business. It should be noted that once you are in operation for two years, you will be qualified to receive a business expansion loan. Banks and financing companies generally are very receptive to providing loans to food truck businesses given that a majority of these funds are going towards a tangible asset (namely, the truck itself). The second way that these businesses expand is by providing catering services. This can become an extremely important part of a food truck's profits given that the revenues generated are highly predictable. Additionally, the underlying food costs when servicing a catered event are well known. You will be aware of how many dishes you will be serving and can plan accordingly. This is one of the biggest variable costs for a food truck operation besides fuel costs.

One of the other ways that food truck businesses expand is by developing an application that users can put on their phone. This allows individuals to quickly find where food trucks are currently parked. This can be an outstanding way for generating additional revenue for the business. Finally, as it relates to marketing, having an expansive presence on social media is imperative. You should have a FaceBook and Twitter page that clearly indicates where your food truck will be on a daily basis. This will ensure maximum visibility online for your services.


The best way to market your food truck to the general public is by hosting ongoing catering events and by attending food festivals. This will drastically increase awareness of your brand name among people that seek out these types of businesses for food and beverage services. At these events, you should hand out business cards that clearly showcases your contact information and the type of cuisine that your food truck offers. This will substantially help with promoting your business for highly lucrative catering jobs.

In closing, food trucks can be fantastic businesses to own and operate. They can be extremely profitable, but they can also be very difficult to operate given the long hours and high expenses. A well developed food truck business plan will assist you in determining your startup costs along with your ongoing operating expenses. Additionally, you will need a business plan if you intend to work with investors or a bank for financing your food truck operation.